Arnold Erlanger can trace his origins back 400 years to Gailingen, Germany, near the Swiss border. He was born in a small town in Bavaria where the townsfolk were mainly Catholic and only 15 percent were Jewish. Arnold writes, “The population knew we were no different to them, except that we attended synagogue rather than church and observed different festivals. They respected us and we respected them.” It all ended with Hitler. Arnold survived Auschwitz with his optimism and humanity undiminished. The deep faith that sustained him during the Holocaust enabled him to reconstruct a fulfilling family and communal life in Holland, Adelaide and finally Melbourne.